A persistent disorder that occurs when a person has trouble falling asleep or staying asleep. Overall life quality is affected (low work performance, bad decision-making, relationship problems) due to the inability to properly rest.



Stress – daily concerns related to work, health, family or stressful events



Aging – sleep patterns change with age

Medical conditions that may disrupt your sleep – breathing problems, chronic pain, urinary troubles

Changes in your environment or schedule

Medications – prescription drugs or over-the-counter drugs that may provoke insomnia as a side-effect

Caffeine, energy drinks, alcohol or nicotine

Having a late and quite big meal before sleeping

Symptoms and signs


Difficulty falling asleep

Waking-up at night

Awakening too early in the morning

Not feeling rested

Fatigue, sleepiness




Difficulty concentrating


Gastrointestinal problems

Worrying about sleep



Sleep patterns and discomfort due to the lack of sleep will be assessed by your doctor


Keeping a sleep diary is recommended


Blood tests are required to detect a thyroid problem or other conditions that may be causing insomnia


A sleep study may be recommended in order to determine if you’re suffering from any other sleep disorder


Treating an underlying medical condition usually restores peaceful sleep, if not, other therapies are recommended


Behavior therapies (learning new sleep behaviors and ways to improve sleep): education about good sleeping habits, cognitive behavioral therapy, relaxation techniques, stimulus control, sleep restriction, light therapy


Prescription medication: zolpidem, eszopiclone, zaleplon, ramelteon; non-prescription: medication that contains antihistamines


Alternative medicine: melatonin, valerian; acupuncture, yoga and meditation

  • Insomnia is unrelated to other medical conditions.


    Insomnia is just a temporary condition that always goes away.


    Napping helps in treating insomnia.


Insomnia affects 30-35% of adults


10 million people in the US use prescription sleep aids

Did you know?

If someone suffers from insomnia, it is best to avoid (even hide) checking the clock at night.


Taking a hot shower or bath before bedtime helps you sleep.


Famous insomniacs: Jimi Hendrix, Michael Jackson, Madonna, Sandra Bullock, Marilyn Monroe, Franz Kafka, Alexandre Dumas


Insomnia Awareness Day: March 10


Nowadays, people sleep 20% less than they did 100 years ago.