Stress – daily concerns related to work, health, family or stressful events
Aging – sleep patterns change with age
Medical conditions that may disrupt your sleep – breathing problems, chronic pain, urinary troubles
Changes in your environment or schedule
Medications – prescription drugs or over-the-counter drugs that may provoke insomnia as a side-effect
Caffeine, energy drinks, alcohol or nicotine
Having a late and quite big meal before sleeping
Symptoms and signs
Difficulty falling asleep
Waking-up at night
Awakening too early in the morning
Not feeling rested
Worrying about sleep
Sleep patterns and discomfort due to the lack of sleep will be assessed by your doctor
Keeping a sleep diary is recommended
Blood tests are required to detect a thyroid problem or other conditions that may be causing insomnia
A sleep study may be recommended in order to determine if you’re suffering from any other sleep disorder
Treating an underlying medical condition usually restores peaceful sleep, if not, other therapies are recommended
Behavior therapies (learning new sleep behaviors and ways to improve sleep): education about good sleeping habits, cognitive behavioral therapy, relaxation techniques, stimulus control, sleep restriction, light therapy
Prescription medication: zolpidem, eszopiclone, zaleplon, ramelteon; non-prescription: medication that contains antihistamines
Alternative medicine: melatonin, valerian; acupuncture, yoga and meditation
Insomnia is unrelated to other medical conditions.
Insomnia is just a temporary condition that always goes away.
Napping helps in treating insomnia.
Insomnia affects 30-35% of adults
10 million people in the US use prescription sleep aids
If someone suffers from insomnia, it is best to avoid (even hide) checking the clock at night.
Taking a hot shower or bath before bedtime helps you sleep.
Famous insomniacs: Jimi Hendrix, Michael Jackson, Madonna, Sandra Bullock, Marilyn Monroe, Franz Kafka, Alexandre Dumas
Insomnia Awareness Day: March 10
Nowadays, people sleep 20% less than they did 100 years ago.